The Indian government, on February 26, 2012, declared December 22 as National Mathematics Day. Former Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh made the declaration during a visit to the Madras University for paying tributes to Ramanujan on his 125th birth anniversary. On this occasion, Dr Singh also announced that 2012 would be celebrated as the National Mathematics Year.
Since then, December 22 every year has been observed as National Mathematics Day in honour of Ramanujan's achievements. On this occasion, numerous educational events are held at schools and universities. In 2017, the day's significance was enhanced by opening the Ramanujan Math Park in Kuppam, in Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh.
The legendary mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan was born on December 22, 1887, into a Tamil-Brahmin-Iyengar family in Erode, Madras Presidency. He was a genius who taught himself trigonometry at a very young age.
He has given more than 3500 mathematical equations/ formulae, which are yet to be proved by present-day scientists and mathematicians. He offered new ideas and created a new path for contemporary mathematicians.
He contributed to many mathematical theories and concepts like number theory, mathematical analysis of infinite series, continued fractions, etc. A few of his noteworthy contributions are the Riemann Series, Divergent Series Theory, Elliptic Integrals, Hypergeometric Series. From compiling over 3900 mathematical results and equations to getting discoveries named after him, his numerous assertions in mathematics opened up new vistas of mathematical research.
With his extraordinary talent in mathematics, Ramanujan became one of the most prominent mathematicians in the history of Mathematicians. His research and founding still influence and direct the field of Mathematician.
Ramanujan had an innate talent for mathematics. His colleagues discovered his talent for mathematics. With the help of his co-worker, Ramanujan came in contact with Professor Godfrey Harold Hardy, who was a professor at Trinity College, Cambridge University.
GH Hardy was highly impressed with Ramanujan. With Hardy's help, Ramanujan pursued his BSc degree from Trinity College.
His research in the Theory of Numbers and Elliptic Functions gave him a fellowship of Royal Society in 1918. Ramanujan also became the first Indian to become a fellow of Trinity College.
At the age of 32, Ramanujan succumbed to tuberculosis. In his short life span, Ramanujan gained much recognition and applause for his extraordinary talent in Mathematics.
Mathematics is involved in our day-to-day life. Mathematics has been involved with humans since time immemorial. From philosophy to modern science, mathematics has been evolved alongside the curiosity and necessity of human beings. To know the importance of Mathematics and honour the famous Indian mathematicians, we celebrate National Mathematics Day in India.
The main objective behind celebrating the day is to raise awareness among people about the importance of mathematics for the development of humanity.
Ramanujan's contribution can guide and inspire people to pursue mathematics as a subject and its application to the world so it can become a better place. But, unfortunately, people are not interested in mathematics as they find it too hard to understand. Still, with the help of National Mathematics Day, we can emphasise the importance of mathematics.
National Mathematics Day will inspire curious minds to pursue mathematics as an interesting field. It is also an awareness drive where the young generation can get inspired by the prominent Indian mathematicians and their contributions.
On National Mathematics Day, there are different activities related to mathematics. There are many camps and training sessions for the students and teachers, and this will help in the development, propagation, and inclusion of fresh talent in mathematics.
Last but not least, I hope that the history of Mathematician Ramanujan and his work will help many brilliant young minds add significance to mathematics. On this auspicious day, I look forward to the bright future of Indian Mathematics.