February 28 is celebrated as the National Science Day every year, commemorating the discovery of the Raman Effect- a phenomenon in spectroscopy- by CV Raman.
The Raman Effect was discovered by CV Raman in 1928 while working in the laboratory of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata.
For this discovery, Raman in 1930 won the prestigious Nobel Prize.
It may be mentioned here that in 1986, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) asked the Indian government to declare February 28 as the National Science Day.
The government accepted the proposal and since 1987 February 28 has been celebrated as the National Science Day across the schools and colleges in India.
The day is celebrated based on a particular theme.
The theme for National Science Day 2021 celebration is Future of STI: Impacts on Education, Skills and Work.
The basic objective of celebrating the day is to propagate the message of the importance of science and its application among the people.
This year's theme has been chosen for raising public appreciation of the scientific issues involved and the impacts science has on education, skill and work.
National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) of the Department of Science and Technology (DST) is the nodal agency to support and coordinate the daylong celebration throughout the country, particularly in scientific institutions and research laboratories.
The day is celebrated by organising public speeches, radio and TV programmes, science movies, science exhibitions on themes and concepts, debates, quiz competitions, lectures and science model exhibitions.
CV Raman received the highest civilian award of India, Bharat Ratna, in 1954.
According to the academy citation, the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman "for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him".
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